Rishi Sunak’s autumn statement budget raises taxes and cuts spending

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LONDON – Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s new government made a dramatic departure from its predecessor on Thursday, unveiling an economic plan that calls for billions of dollars of tough budget cuts and tax increases, in a package designed to stabilize the uncertain financial market. and meet rising inflationary demands.

Unveiling the five-year plan, Britain’s new finance minister, Chancellor of the Exchequer Jeremy Hunt, warned that Britain faced a global “economic storm”, with high energy and food prices the biggest hit up – 11.1 percent last month – and more. more than 40 years.

He acknowledged that the $65 billion package — half in new taxes and the other half in spending cuts — would hurt ordinary citizens. As he read the statement in the House of Commons, lawmakers on both sides were, for the most part, unusually quiet.

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Hunt told the nation that the data showed Britain was in recession, which he called “compensation for Russia” because of its war in Ukraine.

Hunt said the British government needed to work with the Bank of England to reduce inflationary pressures. He admitted that Britain needed to “reassure the world… that we are paying our way” and said his plans for tax and spending would reduce borrowing over time. The government will give itself five years to beat the debt and budget, instead of the current three-year target.

Opposition leaders say some of today’s economic pain is caused by the Conservative Party itself, which has been in power since 2010.

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“The crisis we’re in is the result of 12 weeks of Conservative chaos, but also 12 years of Conservative economic failure,” Rachel Reeves, Hunt’s shadow member of the opposition Labor Party, said.

He said, “This government has forced our economy into a crisis where low growth leads to high taxes, low investment and wages, and cuts in public services – everything affects economic growth again,” he said.

Britain is the only one of seven economies that has not recovered to its pre-pandemic levels, after a decade of low productivity and stagnant income growth.

Economists, including some officials at the Bank of England, also say that Brexit – the biggest anger of the previous Conservative government – has not helped but could damage Britain’s economy if it goes ahead doing it. Sunak, a former hedge fund manager, was an early advocate for Britain leaving the European Union.

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At a committee hearing in the House of Commons this week, Swati Dhingra, a member of the Bank of England’s monetary policy committee, told lawmakers, “It is now undeniable that we – saw a huge decline in trade in the UK compared to the rest of the world.”

He asserted that Brexit has contributed to increased costs and reduced wages.

Today’s government’s road map is very different from the one released by the previous government just eight weeks ago, which proposed tax cuts without paying billions of pounds. The markets bounced back, sending government borrowing costs – and lending and borrowing rates – soaring, as chancellor Liz Truss fell.

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Truss has promised to transform Britain into a low-wage economy, but has not explained how she will pay for her tax cuts. Critics disparaged him as an advocate of corrupt economic ideology. Truss himself admitted that he tried to go “too far, too fast.” His first reign was the shortest in British history.

A new finance minister, the fourth in as many months, is seeking to reassure consumers that adults are back in charge of government policy.

Hunt’s budget would mean millions of people would pay more in taxes on their income. For example, people earning more than $148,000 a year will pay the highest rate, 45 percent, starting next year. Corporate tax rates, once set to decrease, will now rise. That’s how taxes will raise money.

Hunt said that although government spending will continue to increase in real terms every year for the next five years, it will do so at a slower pace and it seems likely that it will not continue to grow. party. Most of the spending cuts and plans will come later. Elections are scheduled for 2025.

The long-awaited independent policy by the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR), the government’s watchdog, is a no-brainer. The OBR is forecasting overall growth of 4.2 per cent this year but says the economy will slow by 1.4 per cent in 2023. The agency is forecasting growth of 9.1 per cent in this year and 7.4 percent next year, with unemployment expected to rise from 3.6 percent in 2023 to 4.9 percent in 2024.

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The OBR said on Thursday that despite new government support to help pay for electricity bills, living standards will fall by 7 per cent over the next two years, erasing eight years of gains.

Bad news is coming from all sides: the Bank of England warned that the country is headed for its longest recession in modern history; interest rates on mortgages are rising; and many workers, including nurses and transport workers, are working or threatening to strike. Paris recently overtook London as Europe’s biggest stock market after recession fears hurt British stocks.

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All this comes against the backdrop of extraordinary political and economic turmoil. The last time the British government revealed the budget, the pound fell to its lowest level against the US dollar and then the Bank of England had to intervene.

The new Sunak government is the first to present its economic plan and hopes to strengthen the market and what they can expect from Britain is trust, authority and lending.

Cambridge University economist Matthew Agarwala said the dramatic failure of what is known as “Trussonomics” has put Sunak in a box.

He said, “If we had a reputation for good economic management, we could extend the law, but now the market has no faith in the UK authorities and they will look at us like a gun.”

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