How to screen for colon cancer


Colon cancer has taken another life. Emmy Award and Golden Globe winner Kirstie Alley, best known for her roles on the television sitcoms “Cheers” and “Veronica’s Closet,” died Monday. at age 71 after battling cancer that “recurred,” as the family says.

A representative for Alley confirmed to CNN via email Tuesday that he had been suffering from lung cancer before his death.

Colorectal cancer, It will be the second leading cause of death from cancer in 2022, ahead of lung cancer and bronchus, according to the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program.

Regular screening is the best way to prevent cancer, according to the US Preventive Services Task Force. The task force lowered the age to start screening for colon and rectal cancer to 45 last year after increasing concern about cases of colorectal cancer in people Younger than 50.

New ideas apply to everyone age 45 and up 75, including those without symptoms, no previous symptoms, no family history of colon or rectal disease, and no personal history of polyps, are the main risk factors. Polyps are lumps or small cyst-like growths in the colon or rectum.

If these developments If not found and removed, they can turn into cancer.

Adults ages 76 to 85 may be screened, depending on their overall health, prior screening history and personal preferences, the task force said.

Cancer screening can be done in a number of ways, including simple e-mail tests that look for blood or cancer cells in a sample of tissue. collected by the patient. However, all stool tests can have negative test results, which may require an invasive test to rule out cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.

Box tests: Although the stool test is the least invasive option, it should be done once a year, according to. Can’t take pain relievers for seven days before the test kit, especially red meat like beef, lamb or liver and citrus and vitamin C supplements should be avoided for three days.

If the test shows a concern, “you should have a colonoscopy to see if you have colon cancer,” according to the ACS. However, rectal bleeding is not a clear sign of cancer, as infection, hemorrhoids and other diseases can cause bleeding.

DNA testing: A stool DNA test is another option, the company says. Because of the presence of DNA mutations in colorectal cancer cells, the test can look for those genetic abnormalities. This test should be done once every three years, but a complete sample should be collected and sent.

Patients may have insurance coverage issues because the test is new, ACS said. Again, if there is anything suspicious, a colonoscopy is required.

For all these tests, the colon must be clean and free of debris, the bowel must be prepared at home. Ways to loosen the bowels include medications, drinking a laxative solution or using an enema the night before the procedure.

This process It’s gotten easier over the years with the advent of new containers that aren’t as effective as liquid laxatives, so talk to your doctor about your options, the ACS advises.

Copy: One of the most important tests, this procedure allows the doctor to enter the entire length of the colon and rectum with a colonoscope, a “light tube, about the thickness of a finger arm with a small video camera at the end,” ACS said.

Typically, the patient is under light sedation during the entire procedure, waking up unconscious of the procedure. Watching on video in real time as the tissue moves in the stomach, the doctor can stop and insert small objects into the wall to take a sample or remove suspicious polyps.

A virtual colonoscopy: This test uses computer software that takes X-rays and a computed tomography (CT) scan to create three-dimensional pictures of the inside of the colon and rectum.

Attempts at sedation are not necessary. However, it requires the same bowel preparation as a regular colonoscopy. After the patient drink saline, a small, flexible tube will be inserted into the throat, followed by pumped air to expand the throat and colon for better images.

As with all CT scans, this procedure exposes the patient to a small amount of radiation and can cause cramping until air is expelled from the body, the company said. If a colonic mass is found, a colonoscopy may be necessary to remove the mass.

Immediate Sigmoidoscopy: This test involves inserting the same simple camera tube into the lower part of the colon. However, because the tube is 2 feet (60 centimeters) long, this test allows the doctor to examine the entire colon and less than half of the colon – polyps can be seen in the upper column. This test is not often used in the United States, the company said.

Many people avoid colonoscopy, due to the preparation, so in order to encourage people to get it, the former host of “Today” Katie Couric announced her procedure whole in 2000 – from preparing the night before a low-key Couric watching the process. such as removal.

“I have a small colon,” Couric said with a sleepy smile as she watched the video feed from the inside of her colon. “You didn’t put the scope in, did you?” asked Couric, whose husband, Jay Monahan, died of colon cancer at age 42 in 1998.

“Yes! We’re doing the test. We’re almost done,” said his doctor, who was late. Dr. Kenneth Forde, who has taught for nearly 40 years at the Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in New York City.

Recently, Ryan Reynolds and Rob McElhenney videotaped portions of their colonoscopies to raise public awareness after Reynolds’ disappearance.

“Me and Rob, we turned 45 this year,” Reynolds said in the video. “And you know, part of these years is getting a colonoscopy. It’s a simple procedure that can really – and I mean, really – save your life.

Doctors found two polyps that were removed during the scan.

“It’s not every day that you get to raise awareness about something that could save lives. That was enough motivation for me to let you into a camera that was being released to my and –,” said Reynolds.

Read more: Be inspired by the weekly summary of good living, simple. Sign up for CNN’s Life, But Better newsletter for information and tools designed to improve your health.


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